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PREPARATION OF ENGLISH- HINDI TECHNICAL DICTIONARIES/ GLOSSARIES

Scope:

 

For students who are pursuing their studies with Hindi medium, there is a need of standard technical terminology. Such terminologies are also of use for the researchers and scientists. Standardized Hindi terminology also removes the disparities among the states where different equivalents are used for the same term. The Commission follows certain principles while evolving the technical terms in Hindi.

 

 

Procedure adopted for evolving technical terms in Hindi:

 

 

(i) 

The Commission identifies the fields/subjects in which Hindi equivalents are needed on priority basis.

 

(ii)

The words for which technical equivalents in Hindi are to be developed are identified by a ‘Technical Term Selection Committee

 

(iii)

An Expert Advisory Committee (EAC) consisting of subject experts, linguists, scholars acquainted with terminology development is constituted.

 

(iv)

EAC screens the terms listed by the 'Technical Term Selection Committee' to make a final list of terms for which Hindi equivalents are required.

 

(v)

Hindi equivalents for the chosen terms are evolved basing on the principles laid by the Commission.

 

(vi)

Once the process of coining Hindi equivalents is completed, words coined may be reviewed by the subject experts, language experts and linguists in 3 or more ‘Terminology Standardization Meetings’ held in different parts of the country. Feedback is obtained from such sessions.

 

(vii)

Terminology Standardization Meetingsare those where experts from the field alongwith linguists and language experts have elaborate discussions on the terms evolved by the ‘ Expert Advisory Committees’ to give their view on the acceptability of the term coined/given.

 

(viii)

The terms coined in an ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ meeting are placed in parts or in full before Scholars/Linguists/Language Experts in the ‘Terminology Standardization Meetings’.

 

(ix)

After the review process is complete, the manuscript is once again placed before the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ to consider the opinions given by the members of the Terminology Standardization Meetings. After considering the feedback on the terms evolved, the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ finalizes the manuscript.

 

(x)

The finalized manuscript is processed for camera-ready copies and sent for printing.

 

(xi)

Once published, the terms evolved in Hindi are once again subjected to further discussions in workshops, seminars, orientation programmes, training programmes etc organized for the propagation and expansion to ensure proper usage and to see if any corrections and improvements are needed during the revision and updation process of the said glossary.

 

 

 

 

Rules and Regulations

 

 

 

 

Following are the rules and regulations associated with the evolution of technical terms in Hindi:-

 

1. Technical Term Selection Committee:

 

(i)

A ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ is constituted with subject expertsto identify the terms for which equivalents are to be developed.

 

(ii)

The ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ will normally have a maximum of 10 members at any one time.

 

(iii)

The composition of the ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ will be the experts of the subject or related fields from all over the country

 

(iv)

Members of the Committee will be serving Teachers/ Lecturers/ Readers/ Professors/ Scientists/ Engineers/ Doctors/ Officers etc depending on the field on which work is being taken up. . In case of subjects relating to engineering and medical the expert should at least have a Bachelor's Degree. Retired persons associated with the specified field may also be considered as experts but the number of such members should not exceed 1/4th of the total.

 

(v)

Normally, the Commission chooses the members of the ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ from the available Bio-data or the Bio-data received from the interested scholars from various parts of the country. As the Commission wants to create subject-wise expert pool, scholars (Retired/Serving) from different parts of the country are requested to send their bio-data to the Commission for inclusion in the expert pool.

 

(vi)

There wil lno language experts or linguists in ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’

 

(vii)

Normally the ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’>should not have more than two members from any one institution.

 

(viii)

Once a ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ is constituted,alterations, additions and deletions in the names of the members are normally avoided.

 

(ix)

In case of situations like holding the meeting at a particular venue, which is not represented in the ‘Technical Term Selection Committee’ a maximum of four members of the host institution basing on their qualifications and inclination to involve in terminology work are co-opted into the Committee.

 

(x)

A Technical Term Selection Committee meeting is normally of 6 hour duration (10am-5pm) with a lunch break for an hour.

 

(xi)

Meetings of the Technical Term Selection Committee may be held at not more than 5 venues including the Commission

 

(xii)

The total number of experts associated with the selection of terms considering all the meetings held for a particular subject may normally be limited to 20.

 

(xiii)

The Commission provides working lunch to the members of the Committee during the days of the meeting.

 

(xiv)

An outstation member of the Technical Term Selection Committee is paid TA for travel by train as per the Central Government rules subject to a maximum of II Tier AC. Road mileage is also paid as per Central Government rules. Persons claiming by 'Rajdhani' or ‘Satabdi’ are to produce a copy of the ticket alongwith the bill. Airfare is not paid to the experts. In case any expert travels by air, the payment will be restricted to II Tier AC fare of an express train other than 'Rajdhani' or 'Satabdi'. The above rules are also applicable to retired officials and persons who are not in service.

 

(xv)

A local member of the Technical Term Selection Committee is paid conveyance allowance from his/her office/residence (whichever is nearer to the venue of the programme) to the place of programme and back as per Central Government rules. Members of the host institution are not paid any conveyance allowance.

 

(xvi)

Experts are free to claim TA and DA from their parent organizations but in such a case they cannot claim TA/DA from the Commission.

 

(xvii)

An expert is paid a honorarium of Rs. 500/- per day.

 

(xviii)

The contribution of the members of the 'Technical Term Selection Committee' is recognized separately in the glossary published by the Commission.

 

 

 

 

2. Expert Advisory Committee

 

(i)

Once the terms for which equivalents are to be developed are finalized, the job is taken over by the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’.

 

(ii)

An ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ constituted for the evolution of terms in a particular subject normally has a maximum of 12 members.

 

(iii)

The ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ will have subject experts, language experts and/or linguists.

 

(iv)

Subject experts of the Committee will be serving Teachers/ Lecturers/ Readers/ Professors/ Scientists/ Engineers/ Doctors/ Officers etc depending on the field on which work is being is taken up. Retired technical officers of the Commission who are well versed with the terminology development may be treated as subject experts (since such persons are well-versed with the terminology of various subjects). Other individuals who are associated with the field but are not serving may be included but such persons must at least have a Masters degree in the field. In case of subjects relating to engineering and medical the expert may at least have a Bachelor's Degree. The number of such members may be limited to two. Retired people associated with the specified field may also be considered as members but the number of such members should not exceed 1/2 the total.

 

(v)

The member of the ‘Technical Term Selection Committee' can also become the member of Expert Advisory Committee provided he has a sound knowledge of Hindi or the regional language as per requirement.

 

(vi)

Normally, the Commission chooses the members of the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ from the available Bio-data or the Bio-data received from the interested scholars from various parts of the country. As the Commission wants to create subject-wise expert pool, scholars (Retired/Serving) from different parts of the country are requested through publicity material to send their bio-data to the Commission for inclusion in the expert pool. It may please be noted that the scholar chosen to be a member of the Committee must be ready to make his/her services available till the completion of the project. Normally, no expert may be engaged without obtaining his/her biodata.

 

(vii)

The number of language experts and/or linguists is limited to 2.

 

(viii)

Normally the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ should not have more than two members from any one institution.

 

(ix)

Once an ‘Expert Advisory Committee’ is constituted, alterations, additions and deletions in the names of the members are normally avoided.

 

(x)

In case of situations like holding the meeting at a particular venue which is not represented in the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’, a maximum of four members of the host institution basing on their qualifications and inclination to involve in terminology work be co-opted into the Committee provided such members agree to continue as a part of the Committee till the project is completed.

 

(xi)

Meetings of the Expert Advisory Committee may be held at not more than 5 venues including the Commission.

 

(xii)

The credit of evolution of terminology is given to the members of Expert Advisory Committee only subject to the condition that the expert has attended at least 50% of the meetings held. It is already indicated that the names of the members associated with Technical Terminology Identification is acknowledged separately unless such members are also in the 'Expert Advisory Committee'

 

(xiii)

The Commission may not invite an expert after one or two meetings if his/her work is not found satisfactory without assigning any reason. No credit will be given to such experts in the publication. The Commission's decision in this matter is final.

 

(xiv)

Sometimes, depending on the type of work (mostly compilation or editing), less number of experts may be invited for a meeting. However, all those experts who have attended more than 50% meetings will be given credit as indicated in (xii) above.

 

(xv)

Every Terminology Evolution Session has a target to achieve in terms of number of terms to be evolved.

 

(xvi)

The total number of experts associated with the evolution of terminology meetings may normally be limited to 25.

 

(xvii)

The Commission provides working lunch to the members of the Committee during the days of the meeting.

 

(xviii)

Payment of TA/DA to the members of the 'Expert Advisory Committee’ is made in a way similar to the members of the 'Technical Term Selection Committee'.

 

 

 

 

3. Terminology Standardization Meeting:

 

(i)

Terminology Standardization Meeting on a particular subject normally has a maximum of 20 members at any one time including the language experts.

 

(ii)

These sessions are usually held in the Commission or in Schools/ Colleges/ Universities and other organizations that are ready to host such programmes. Preferably these sessions may be held in different states of the country.

 

(iii)

Unlike Expert Advisory Committee meetings, Terminology Standardization Meetings may not be repeated in the same institution on the same subject for a second time.

 

(iv)

Members of a ‘Terminology Standardization Meeting’ are chosen afresh each time.

 

(v)

Members for participation in a ‘Terminology Standardization Meeting’ are chosen in a way similar to the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’. However, in this case, the obligation to continue till the completion of the project does not exist.

 

(vi)

A 'Terminology Standardization Meeting' must include a few members of the 'Expert Advisory Committee' (a maximum of 4) to defend the principles behind coining of the terms.

 

(vii)

Normally, a session should not have more than two members from any one institution. However, the host institution, if any, may be represented by a maximum of four members.

 

(viii)

A minimum of 3 and a maximum of 5 meetings are organized for any one subject/field for which the terms are coined/defined by the ‘Expert Advisory Committee’.

 

(ix)

The Commission provides working lunch to the members of the Committee during the days of the meeting.

 

(x)

Payments of TA/DA to the members of the Committee is made in a way similar to the members of the 'Technical Term Selection Committee'.

 

 

 

 

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